The Utah National Guard manages thousands of acres and hundreds of buildings and structures across the state. As stewards of both Federal and state lands, the Utah National Guard (UTNG) is responsible for the management of any cultural resources located on these lands. Historic preservation has been a Federal concern since the 1906 Antiquities Act was passed which provided for the protection of historic and prehistoric remains and monuments on Federal lands. Since that time, both the Federal and state governments have made historic preservation a responsibility of each agency, enacting multiple laws that reflect the importance the American people attach to safeguarding and maintaining the places that reflect our nation’s heritage. The Cultural Resources Management Program ensures the UTNG is meeting its compliance needs with respect to these important resources by developing programmatic compliance solutions and technical documents, and providing technical support to all UTNG facilities and training sites. The Cultural Resources Program seeks to support the mission by improving sustainability within the UTNG and developing cost-effective tools to improve compliance practices.
Management of cultural resources on UTNG-managed lands is driven by federal, state and local laws and guided by Army Regulations. Although additional laws may apply, the primary laws that influence cultural resources management include:
- National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
- National Historic Preservation Act of 1966
- Antiquities Act of 1906
- Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979
- Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974
- Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990
- American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978
- Utah Code Annotated 9-8-404 – Utah State Agency Responsibilities Relative to Historic Properties
- Utah Code Annotated 9-8-403 – Ownership and Disposition of Native American Remains on State Lands
The primary Army Regulations which guide cultural resources management within the Utah National Guard include Army Regulation 200-1 – Environmental Protection and Enhancement and Army Regulation 200-4 – Cultural Resources Management.
Department of Defense Instruction 4715.3, Army Regulation (AR) 200-1, and Department of Army Pamphlet (PAM) 200-4 require state Army National Guard organizations to develop an Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan (ICRMP) as an internal compliance and management tool that integrates the entirety of the cultural resources program with ongoing mission activities. The ICRMP is the Utah National Guard commander’s decision document for conduct of cultural resources management actions and specific compliance procedures. The ICRMP for Utah was completed in 2002. A revision is scheduled to be complete in 2007.